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• The article discusses the effects of urbanisation on the environment, such as air and water pollution.
• It also outlines how urbanisation has led to increased energy consumption and waste production.
• Finally, it suggests solutions that can help reduce the negative impacts of urbanisation.


Urbanisation is a growing global phenomenon that has numerous implications for the environment. This article will discuss how urbanisation affects the environment, as well as potential solutions to address these issues.

Effects of Urbanization on Environment

Urbanization has caused an increase in air and water pollution due to higher levels of industrial activity, vehicular traffic, and other human activities. Additionally, its rise has resulted in higher demands for energy consumption which have further worsened the environmental situation by releasing more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and depleting natural resources such as forests at a rapid rate. Moreover, waste production associated with development projects has also grown significantly leading to land degradation and contamination of soil and groundwater sources.

Potential Solutions

To lessen the environmental impacts of urbanization, there are several measures that can be implemented including improving public transport systems to reduce car use; introducing sustainable waste management strategies; increasing energy efficiency through improved technologies; promoting green building practices; conserving ecosystems such as wetlands which act as natural filters; investing in renewable energy sources; establishing green spaces within cities; and educating citizens about environmental issues.


It is clear that urbanization presents many challenges for our planet’s future health but with proactive steps taken today we can work towards mitigating its negative effects on the environment while still allowing for economic progress. With smart policies focusing on sustainability, cities can become greener places where people can live healthier lives without compromising their quality of life or putting additional strain on nature’s resources.